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Born in February 1967, Wang Xudong is Han-Chinese and from Shandan, Gansu Province. He joined the Chinese Communist Party in April 2003 and began his career in August 1990. Having graduated from Lanzhou University’s College of Earth and Environmental Sciences in 2002, he holds a doctorate in engineering and is a research fellow at the Palace Museum. He began working at the Dunhuang Academy in June 1991 and has served as the deputy-director and, later, director of the Academy’s Institute for Conservation Research and assistant to director of the Academy. From January 2005, he served as the deputy-director of the Academy. Beginning in May 2011, he served as the managing deputy-director of the Academy and the deputy-secretary of the Academy’s Communist Party Committee. From November 2013, he served as the secretary of the Academy’s Party Committee and the managing deputy-director of the Academy. From December 2014, he served as the Academy’s director and Party secretary. Since April 2019, he has been a member of the leading Party group of the Ministry of Culture and Tourism and the director of the Palace Museum (deputy-minister level).
Wang Xudong has dedicated his career to the conservation of grottoes, ancient murals, and earthen ruins and has conducted research on monitoring cultural heritage sites and improving early warning systems and other preventative measures for conservation. Since 1991 when he began working in the area of cultural preservation, he has directed over sixty key national projects in association with national organizations involved in the protection of cultural heritage sites, conservation-survey strategies, and on-site restorations. He has undertaken over twenty national or provincial level research projects; directed or participated in over ten international collaborative projects with partners from various countries, including the United States, Japan, the United Kingdom, and Australia; and published over 170 academic papers. He is the recipient of over ten national or provincial level awards or honors in the fields of science and technology, the Ho Leung Ho Lee Foundation award for scientific and technological innovation, and over twenty technology patents. Having directed five projects for national and professional technical standards, he has been honored with a variety of national and provincial level awards for his contributions to technological development, cultural publicity, and professional excellence and was selected for the National Millions of Talents Project and the Gansu Province Leading Talents Project. Additionally, he was named as an alternate committee member for the 19th Central Committee of the Communist Party of China.
Wang Xudong is listed as the first author on six works, including Essential Technology in the Conservation of Earthen Ruins (Tuyizhi baohu guanjian jishu yanjiu) and Specifications for the Research of Ancient Murals (Gudai bihua guifan yanjiu).