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scholar’s studio

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Scholarly Accoutrements

The “Four Treasures” of the scholar’s study are unique accoutrements used in the history of Chinese writing and calligraphy. These four essentials are the brush (bi), ink (mo), paper (zhi), and inkstone (yan). Additional accoutrements include the brush holder (bitong), brush rack (bijia or bigua), brush rest (bijia), inkstick rest (mochuang), ink box (mohe), wrist rest (bige), brush-washing bowl (bixi), paperweight (shuzhen), inkstone water bowl (shuicheng), ladle (shuishao), inkstone water-dropper (yandi), inkstone box (yanxia), and vermillion inkpad for seals (yinni). Most of the writing accoutrements in the Palace Museum collection are beautifully crafted articles made of exquisite materials and were personally used by renowned artists of the Qing dynasty or the imperial family.

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